What are Bladder Problems?

Bladder problems often occur without warning and can bring with them discomfort and embarrassment. Infections in the bladder or urinary tract can lead to issues such as painful urination, unusually frequent urination, or incontinence (escape of urine/leakage).

We specialize in diagnosing and treating bladder problems in men, women, and children. If you are experiencing symptoms of a bladder problem, please contact us to schedule an appointment with one of our specialists.

Signs of Bladder Problems


  • Burning sensation while urinating
  • Frequent trips to the bathroom and feeling like your bladder is never fully emptied
  • A sense of urgency to urinate immediately
  • Hematuria, or signs of blood in the urine (may appear red, pink, or brown)
  • Incontinence (escaped or leaking urine)

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

Usually occurs when bacteria enter the opening of the urethra and multiply in the urinary tract. The urinary tract includes the kidneys, the tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder (ureters), bladder, and the tube that carries urine from the bladder (urethra).


Any inflammation or infection of the bladder. Cystitis is generally caused by a bacterial infection, but it can also be caused by yeast or viruses. A unique type of cystitis known as interstitial cystitis is not caused by an infection.

Frequent Urination

Can point to more serious conditions such as diabetes, urinary tract infection, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or other prostate problems. Waking up in the middle of the night to urinate is known as nocturia.

Bladder Cancer

Accounting for approximately 90% of cancers of the urinary tract, bladder cancer usually originates in the bladder lining, which consists of a mucous layer of surface cells, smooth muscle, and a fibrous layer.


Hematuria simply means blood in the urine. A proper work-up or evaluation is required to determine the type and cause of hematuria.

Bladder Control Problems

An overactive bladder (OAB) contracts spastically, which results in sustained, high bladder pressure and the urgent need to urinate. People with OAB often experience urgency at inconvenient and unpredictable times and sometimes lose control before reaching a toilet.

Urinary Incontinence

Urinary incontinence is defined as the involuntary loss of urine from the bladder. Correct diagnosis of the type of incontinence is the first and most important step in developing an appropriate and effective treatment plan.