Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men in the U.S. In 2018, 165,000 men were diagnosed with this disease. During your lifetime, 1 in 9 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer at some point. The good news is that prostate cancer has a 99% five-year survival rate when it is detected at an early stage.
Compared with other cancers, prostate cancer can be slow growing in some men. Some types of prostate cancer may need minimal or no treatment in certain men. Among others, prostate cancer can grow and spread to other parts of the body if undiagnosed or untreated.
What Are The Risk Factors of Prostate Cancer?
- Family history of the disease among father or brother doubles your likelihood of developing prostate cancer.
- For unknown reasons, race also plays a factor in elevating prostate cancer risk. African-American men are 1.5 times more likely to get prostate cancer than white men. Prostate cancer occurs less often in Asian-American and Hispanic or Latino men that in non-Hispanic Caucasian men.
- Your risk of getting prostate cancer rises after age 50.
- Other risk factors include obesity, smoking, chemical exposures and inflammation of the prostate.
How Is It Diagnosed?
- Digital Rectal Examination (DRE)
- A Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) blood test.
- Prostate Biopsy
- Transrectal Ultrasonography
- Scans and X-rays
- Active surveillance and watchful waiting will be used if prostate cancer is in an early stage.
- Local treatment of the cancer, including surgery and radiation therapy, can get rid of prostate cancer if it is confined to a specific, limited area of the body.
- Surgery can also be used to remove the prostate and some surrounding healthy tissue.
What Are The Symptoms of Prostate Cancer?
There are no warning signs of early prostate cancer. Once a tumor causes the prostate gland to swell, or once cancer spreads beyond the prostate, the following symptoms may happen:
- A frequent need to urinate, especially at night
- Difficulty starting or stopping a stream of urine
- A weak or interrupted urinary stream
- Leaking of urine when laughing or coughing
- Inability to urinate standing up
- A painful or burning sensation during urination or ejaculation
- Blood in urine or semen
For more information on prostate cancer, click here.